The Confucian school district is in the third entrance of the central axis. In the center of the back wall of Dacheng Hall, there is a huge "Que" character, which is the crowning touch of the Confucian Temple. It is from the hand of the famous Southern Song Dynasty, and it is in the Qianlong period. It was taken up by Pingyao people, so it has a very high value of calligraphy. It is very strange that there is no first pen above this word. The explanation of the locals is that I hope that the champion who came out of the county will come to the temple and then add it. I can see that the Pingyao people did not win the field. On the contrary, in their ideological concepts, business is the most versatile, and they are determined to be the shopkeepers of the ticket number. Many children who have not yet entered the school have regarded business as a path of growth rather than a book. The impressions and ideas left by the ancestors are that "the business is not light, the study is heavy, and the business is a business" is a way of complementing business and learning. This is the biggest difference between Shanxi merchants and Huizhou merchants. Therefore, the Shanxi merchants changed the ancient training "learning from the best" to "learning and doing business". In Pingyao, we can't see a high-spirited scientific research archway. Because the glory and dreams of Pingyao people are in the mall, they realized themselves. The dream, won the business leader, and achieved the first in the mall.
Now I see the Longmen Square in front. In ancient times, there was a saying that "the squid jumped the dragon door". The skipper was a dragon, and the jumper was a fish. Before the imperial examination, the local students were rushing to jump the dragon gate, and there was still a certain Exquisite, one jump... two jumps...
Ming Lun Tang is the main building of this school. It was the place where senior teachers gave lectures. Now it is opened as a life exhibition for Confucius.
Confucius, the image of the cloth, was carved on the central screen of the Minglun Hall. According to the works of the famous painter Wu Daozi of the Tang Dynasty, the couplet is next to the "Establishing the History of the World, Asking the Way to Slim" and telling people that it should To establish a harmonious and peaceful society by governing the country with the highest realm of Confucianism, but managers should have a high moral level while possessing talents, and “the road to self-cultivation” should not be used when both sides are perfect. It should be forgotten that the four words in the horizontal batch are "one consistent"
Confucius was a native of Qufu, Shandong Province. He was born in 551 BC and died in 479 BC. At the age of 73, his life was not very flat. Today's esteem and respect for him are also unanticipated during his lifetime.
Confucius summed up his life into six stages. "I have five and five ambitions to learn, thirty are standing, forty is not confusing, fifty is knowing destiny, sixty is pleasing, seventy is free, and it is not overwhelming. "This is a rough life coordinate. There are several important stages in this coordinate that deserve our special attention. What is the reference to the life coordinates depicted by the saints for us today?
Everyone has reason to describe their own ideals, but all of them must start from the process of socialization and transform from a natural person to a person with social rules. This is the starting point of learning, and there are five in my mouth. "Being willing to learn" is his starting point for learning, and also a requirement for his students. So, what kind of learning is the most effective today? Only learning that leads to the reshaping of a person's entire value system, behavioral change, efficiency, more agility, and socially responsive learning is good learning. Today in this information age, there are so many things we have to learn. Nowadays, students are learning more than the age of five, but why? Many children will recite the pi, and will recite dozens of dozens of long poems, etc., but are these really useful for their life? These studies are what Confucius said as "learning for oneself" and "learning to use it"? "It’s too late to be too much." Confucius’s point of view is that even the best things have his degree. Instead of chewing on it, it’s better to combine limited knowledge. Confucius said: “If you don’t think, then you don’t think, but you don’t learn. "You must learn while you want to use it. After such learning and experience, you gradually improve your feelings, and you will be thirty years old."
"Thirty stands" is a word that we often hang on our lips. Almost everyone at this age will ask themselves: Have I stood up? So what is it? Is there a car, a room, or an ideal position? This is a narrow idea. The word "立立" of "Thirty Stands" is first of all internal, and then it is to find its position on social coordinates. In fact, the stage of self-confidence is not to be opposed to many things that are in place, but Forming a kind of integration and mutual promotion, we know that "there is no such thing as ignorance, power, chaos, and god." Confucius is not willing to mention the performance of ghosts and gods in the eyes of reality. His attitude is still inspiring to us today. When learning, we must try our best to control what we can master in our lives, instead of going beyond age to consider those things that are out of reach. Only by learning the age of the establishment, can we really stand up.
From the year of "standing" into the year of Confucius's "no confusion", this should be the best time in life, but can everyone be confused when they are forty? In modern society, the 40-year-old middle-aged man has a small age, a job has become a backbone, and the pressure is very large. How can you be tempted in such an environment? A person who lives in Addition before the age of 30 is constantly collecting what he needs from the world, such as experience, wealth, emotion, reputation, and so on. But the more material things, the more easily people are confused. After the age of 30, they will start to use subtractive life. They must learn to abandon those things that are not what your heart needs, those that you don’t want to give up, things you don’t want to do. Refused, don't earn money, don't want to give up, know how to give up when you really get close to the state of no confusion, then what is not? That is, people can consciously follow the doctrine of the mean to think about acting. Even if the outside world gives you many unfair and blows, you can quickly establish your own position on a coordinate.
Confucius’s "knowing the destiny" is what people often say, "The hits must be there at the end, and the hits are forever." When a person reaches the age of 50, will he know the destiny? To answer this question, we must first understand what it means to know. The key to "knowing the destiny" lies in the word "know". To be able to understand what is your destiny, when you truly realize the poverty and wealth in the destiny, the good and the bad in the world, know that all this is natural, then you Being able to rationally grasp the calm treatment and use the inner strength of a certain force to deal with the outside world can be done without blaming the sky, not being especially human, not moving by foreign objects, reaching a kind of integration and promotion. Enter the realm of "ears".
"Early Shun" is that no matter what you can listen to, you can stand on the speaker's position to think about the problem, but in real life, we often encounter things that don't go well. If you don't want to hear it, how can you really do it? What about ear? "Early Shun" is the principle that can maximize the respect for others to understand the existence of any kind of thing, can listen to all kinds of voices humbly, and stand on the stand of others to understand why he said this. This kind of realm is expressed in Chinese characters. Sad and sorrowful."
When all the rules have become your habits, you can do what you want. It can be said that this is the highest realm that people are pursuing. But this kind of realm seems to be easy. Before that, it has to undergo a lot of hard work. Confucius described himself. The same is true of the realm of life. The more emphasis on the heart, the more calm and gentle, and before the calm, we must also experience a lot of hard work.
The fourth treasure in the four treasures of the Wenfang is the enamel, which is the stationery that is indispensable for grinding ink and ink. The most famous gongs in history are Guangdong Duanyi, Anhui 歙砚, Gansu Caohejing, Shanxi 绛县澄泥砚, known as the “Four Famous Names”. "砚", while Duan and Yan are ranked first, and they are famous in China. During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, 砚 was not only used for painting and calligraphy, but also a gift for friends, so it was more decorative. Song Suyi's "The Four Books of the Wenfang" said: "The four treasures are headed, and both ink and paper can be taken at any time, and they can be used for life and forever." There are certain restrictions on the use of the Yongtai in use and cleaning, especially the cleaning. The ancients have the saying that "it is better not to wash the face for three days, not to wash for three days." The tools used in conjunction with the platform are also used to store dripping water for dripping, also called water droplets and book drops.
In addition to the "four treasures", traditional Chinese stationery, including a lot of auxiliary stationery, such as arm rest, ink cartridges, ink pad, ink pad, etc., these materials, jade, stone, gold, silver, copper , iron, ivory, and so on, different shapes, exquisite carving, can be used for appreciation, it is also known as wenwan.