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文庙超山学院
平遥文庙学宫   2019-10-28 10:50:26 作者:SystemMaster 来源:
超山书院的创建有朝廷返回的1200多两百银,其余大多是城内各大商号票号日升昌、百川通、协同庆等捐赠的,富商们把目光投向本县的教育事业,就使兴办书院的经济来源有了保障,仅创建时间的启动资金就1万两百银,存在票号年息650两,保证了每年的办学开支。
足够的办学资金,当然能使书院聘来名师,曾在这里担任的11位山长都是进士出身,许多丰富的社会阅历和官海经验,名师自然出高徒不但为平遥培养出许多进士、举人,而且更为晋商的发展输送了大量的管理人才,据说,曾在这里贡献最大的山长徐继畬老先生弃官,挟道迎送的人们长达几十里,其中各大商号、票号纷纷为他送来匾额,礼物,一些当地很有名望的商人也都亲自欢送,以表谢意。
书院是一个县同国家科举考试接轨的教学场所,孩童的启蒙教育基层教育都得在这里进行,但在平遥当地受“学而优则商”思想的影响,书院除了要教会学生必背的四书五经,更多的时间要用于学习书法、珠算、社交等知识,这也是后人所说的晋商成功的经商三样法宝。
“敬一亭”是祭天的场所。中央是鼎就为祭天时所用,俗话说:“谋事在人,成事在天。”各位可以在敬一亭前祭天许愿,并在签名榜上留下您的大名,相信您的诚心会感动上天,赐福于您。

The establishment of the Chaoshan Academy has more than 1,200 and two hundred silvers returned by the court. Most of the rest are donated by the major commercial numbers in the city, such as Rishengchang, Baichuantong, and Synergy, and the wealthy businessmen turned their attention to the education of the county. The economic source of the establishment of the college has been guaranteed. The start-up capital of the creation of the time is only 12,000 yuan, and there is a ticket number of 650 per year, which guarantees the annual school expenses.
Sufficient funds for running a school can of course enable the college to hire famous teachers. The 11 mountain leaders who have served here are all from Jinshi. Many rich social experiences and official sea experience. The famous teachers naturally cultivated many scholars and people for Pingyao. Moreover, the development of Shanxi merchants has sent a large number of management talents. It is said that the oldest man who has contributed the most here, Mr. Xu Jizhen, has abandoned the official, and the people who have been greeted by the martyrdom have reached dozens of miles, among which the major trade names and ticket numbers. They have sent him plaques, gifts, and some well-known local businessmen have also personally sent away, to express their gratitude.
The academy is a teaching place where the county is in line with the national civil examinations. Children's primary education in the enlightenment education has to be carried out here. However, in Pingyao, influenced by the idea of ​​“learning and doing business”, the college has to teach students four books. The Five Classics, more time to learn calligraphy, abacus, social and other knowledge, this is also the three magic weapon of the success of the Shanxi merchants.
"King Yi Ting" is a place to worship the heavens. The central part is used by Ding to worship the heavens. As the saying goes: "Make things happen in people, and things will be in heaven." You can make a wish in front of Jingyi Pavilion and leave your name on the signature list. I believe your sincerity will touch the sky. Bless you.
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