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文庙尊经阁
平遥文庙学宫   2019-10-28 10:47:08 作者:SystemMaster 来源:
《聊斋志异》的作者蒲松龄,《红楼梦》作者曹雪芹等,像他们这样的才子也是曾经科考不第之人,但他们用自己的智慧和才华成就了一番流传千古的事业。
正厅中央展出的是珍贵的翰林进士墨宝,因为在科举考试实行过的1300年间选出的700余名状元中,称得上书画家的为数不少,但留到世人手中的原件却非常难见。孙中山先生曾充分肯定中国的科举制度是“世界各国中所用以选拔人才最好的制度”。西方的文官选官制度和我国现代公务员的考试更是直接来自科举。
第六展室尊经阁三楼上存放有科举史上保留到今天唯一的一张状元卷,是明代万历二十六年(1598年)山东青州人赵秉忠的殿试对策。殿试题目是《问帝王之政与帝王之心》。年仅25岁,可谓历代状元中,年少夺魁的佼佼者,全卷长3.3米,宽38厘米,共2460字,殿试是皇帝亲自主持的,考试时间也不长就一天日出答卷,日落收卷,而且是一气呵成不许涂改,防止作弊,因皇帝亲临为主考,因而直接阅墨卷,用朱笔批阅,卷头“第一甲第一名”六个大红字就是万历皇帝的亲手朱批,文章未尾处有吏部尚书张尉等大臣的签名,皇帝为阅考主考,所以大臣们虽然为实际阅卷官,但只能称读卷官,文章中的很多红色小圈既是断句,也是读卷官认为精彩的地方所做的标志。
尊经阁原名藏经阁,是明代开国元勋刘伯温更改为现名。他祖籍平遥县朱坑村人,回乡访亲拜文庙时手书尊经阁三字。站在尊经阁三楼向四方眺望最吸引人最壮观的当数它旁边采用勾连搭式屋顶而建的平遥大戏堂。大戏堂内无论是建筑设计还是表演内容均是屈指可数,切实反映了晋商的辛酸和辉煌。

Pu Songling, the author of "Strange Tales from a Lonely Studio", Cao Xueqin, author of "Dream of Red Mansions", etc., talents like them are also people who have not been scientifically tested, but they have used their wisdom and talents to achieve a career that has been passed down through the ages.
In the center of the main hall, the precious Hanlin Jinshi Mobao is exhibited. Because of the more than 700 champions selected in the 1300 years of the imperial examination, there are many writers who are called writers, but the originals left in the hands of the world are very difficult. see. Mr. Sun Yat-sen has fully affirmed that the Chinese imperial examination system is "the best system for selecting talents in all countries of the world." The western civil service selection system and the examinations of modern civil servants in China are directly from the imperial examinations.
The third exhibition room on the third floor of the Zunjing Pavilion houses the only one-volume volume that was retained in the history of the imperial examinations. It was the test of Zhao Bingzhong of Qingzhou, Shandong Province in the twenty-sixth year of the Ming Dynasty (1598). The title of the temple test is "Ask the Emperor's Politics and the Emperor's Heart". At the age of 25, it can be said that among the champions of the past, the young winners were 3.3 meters long and 38 centimeters wide, with a total length of 2,460 words. The palace test was personally presided over by the emperor, and the test time was not long. Volume, and it is not allowed to change, to prevent cheating, because the emperor came to the main exam, so read the ink directly, with the Zhu pen review, the volume of the "first first place" six big red words is the Wanli emperor's personal Zhu Zhu, the article is not At the end, there are signatures of ministers such as Zhang Shu and other officials. The emperor is the main test for reading the exam. Therefore, although the ministers are actual scoring officers, they can only be called reading officials. Many of the red circles in the article are both broken sentences and reading officials. Think of the wonderful places to do the logo.
The Zunjing Pavilion, formerly known as the Tibetan Classics Pavilion, was changed to the current name by Liu Bowen, the founding father of the Ming Dynasty. He was born in Zhukeng Village, Pingyao County, and returned to his hometown to visit the Confucian Temple. Standing on the third floor of the Zunjing Pavilion, the most attractive and spectacular of the four sides is the Pingyao Grand Theatre, which is built next to the roof. There are only a handful of architectural designs and performances in the Grand Theatre, which truly reflects the bitterness and brilliance of the Shanxi businessmen.
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