Welcome to the Pingyao Confucian Temple School, which has the reputation of “Jin Merchants”.
Pingyao Confucian Temple is the earliest extant literary temple and the most complete cultural complex in the country. It is also the largest scenic spot in the ancient city. Since its opening, it has been rated as the first batch of national AAAA tourist attractions in the ancient city and vice president of China Confucius Temple Protection Association. Units and other titles, today, we can not only appreciate its ancient architecture, but also understand the source of the gold merchants in the past hundreds of years. In the Ming and Qing Dynasties, Pingyao business reached its peak, and the outstanding Pingyao merchants were very intelligent, but They also have their own beliefs, and the Confucius in their hearts is a symbol of culture and wisdom.
The first door of the Confucian Temple is called Xing Xingmen. The contents of the lower horse inscription on the west side are engraved with the contents of "Wenwu Baiguan, military and civilians, etc.", which fully demonstrates the position and influence of Confucius in the hearts of the royal family. The people had to walk down the sedan and walk in, and even the county magistrate and even the emperor who took office as the new official could not take the sedan into the special.
There is also a shadow wall on the opposite side of the Xingxing Gate. The central part has a special round hole. The shadow wall of the temple door is generally used to avoid evil. Why should we open a round door here? The Pingyao people's congresses in the Ming and Qing Dynasties were all businessmen. Therefore, the people wanted to change their ancestors' thoughts and not go to the business to do the official. The champion who came out must come to the Confucian Temple to worship the Confucius, but the champion is not directly from the Xingxingmen. Instead, I first climbed the opposite south wall, and walked through the bridge through the bridge to walk through the bridge we stepped on to worship Confucius. So the locals called the round door the "No. 1 Gate". The bridge we stepped on is called the "Zhuangyuan Bridge", leaving such an old saying "Take the Zhuangyuan Bridge, take off the blue shirt for the purple robe, step on the ladder step by step" and the semi-circular pool matched with the bridge is called " Dianchi Lake." The ancient teacher washes the land of the brush. Later, after the scale of expansion of the dynasties gradually expanded, it gradually became the symbolic building of the Confucian Temple. Now we see the four gods in the pool, such as blessing, Lu, Shou and Sui. Zhongfu.
Dachengmen is the second door of the Confucian Temple. It is named after the Confucius's saying "Confucius is a collection of Dacheng". The building dressing halls on both sides are used in the special place of worship in the past. As the name implies, it is the place of fasting, bathing and changing clothes. . In ancient times, there was a fairly strict set of requirements and procedures for offering sacrifices.
Dachengmen is divided into three gates of east, middle and west. The middle gate is usually closed. It can only be opened when a huge ceremony is held. Usually, only the two sides of the door are used, and those seen on the door of the three doors are The nail is called the "door nail." The arrangement and number of door nails have certain regulations in the Qing Dynasty. If it is the highest level building, the door nails on the door leaf are nine and nine, the ninety-nine one, the symbol of the emperor, the door leaf in the Forbidden Palace is the general level. The building is horizontal and vertical, and the lowest level is five in each direction. The Confucius, the sage of the Wensheng Temple, is the Wenxuanwang. 72 sages of Confucius.
Dachengmen has a panoramic view of the Pingyao Confucian Temple, which has a total area of 40,580 m2 (more than 60 mu). It is the largest scenic spot in the ancient city. It is composed of three large groups of buildings, namely the central temple. Dongxue Palace has been turned into the Pingyao International Photography Museum in the district and east and west sides. In 2001, the annual international photography exhibition was held in Pingyao Ancient City. It has been successfully held for six sessions, but professional. The Sexual Photography Museum is the only one in the country, which houses photographs of the old Chinese revolutionary photographers Sha Fei, Wu Yinxian, Jiang Qisheng, and the famous American photographer Adams.