展室展厅

 第三展室
相关参数
简单描述
详细介绍
三展室着重了解科举考试的最高考试——殿试。
它是由皇帝在故宫保和殿亲自主考,时间是在会试举办过的同年四月举行,四月二十一日,中式的贡士,云集保和殿参加考试。只考一场,论时务策一道。策问大多是考问当时政治、经济和治国安邦、巩固政权的问题。相当于让考生写论文。考中的考生统称进士,而且所有人的名字写在黄榜上公布故而得名“金榜题名”。
 进士,是科举的终点,也是仕途的起点,一甲三名状元、榜眼、探花,在殿试揭晓后立即授职,其它进士则按复试、殿试朝考三次所得的名次分别授予主事,中书、知书、县官等职,这里展出的四块御赐的路牌就是当年授官后鸣锣开道所用。
考中之后,朝廷都会给官做,那我们如何区分官员的品级?,不仅在宅第、轿车上有区别,重要是看官服,自明朝以来,就产生了区别官品等级的——补服。补服就是胸前这块约30厘米左右的补子,文官绣鸟,武官绣兽。从文一品到文九品,武一品到武九品上边所绣的图案也不一样式图案上面都清楚的标识着。
在科举场中有“连中三元”的佳话,“三元”就是每级考试的第一名即解元、会元、状元都拿第一,历史上只出现两位,就是明朝许观和商辂。

The third exhibition room focuses on the highest examination of the imperial examination - the palace test.
It was independently tested by the emperor in the Forbidden City, and the time was held in April of the same year. On April 21st, the Chinese tribute, Yun Bao Baohe Temple took the test. Only take one test, and talk about time and policy. Most of the questions were asked about politics, economy, and the state of the country and the consolidation of political power. It is equivalent to letting the candidate write a thesis. The candidates in the exam are collectively referred to as Jinshi, and the names of all the people are written on the Huangbang and they are named "Golden Title".
 Jinshi is the end of the imperial examination, and it is also the starting point of the official career. One of the three champions, the second-place leader, and the flower-seeking, immediately after the trial of the palace, the other scholars will be awarded the main event according to the re-examination and the three trials. Knowing the book, the county magistrate, etc., the four pieces of the road sign exhibited here are used in the opening ceremony of the year.
After the exam, the court will give the official, then how do we distinguish the grade of the official? Not only in the house, the car, there is a difference, the important thing is to look at the official uniform, since the Ming Dynasty, it has produced a distinction between the level of official products - supplement. The supplement is the complement of about 30 centimeters on the chest, the embroidered bird of the official, the embroidered beast of the military officer. From Wenyi to Wenjiu, the pattern embroidered by Wu Yipin to Wujiu is not clearly marked on the pattern.
In the imperial examination field, there is a story of "Lianzhong Sanyuan". The "three yuan" is the first place in each examination. The Jieyuan, Huiyuan and No.1 champions take the first place. There are only two in history, that is, the Ming Dynasty Xuguan and Shang chariot.










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