展室展厅

 第四展室
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第四展室分别介绍了清代科举场上的三大舞弊案和部分通过科举而涌现出来的显名之士。
因为科举制的公平、公正、公开的择优录用,才使得这曾经那样地吸引着青年男子,但是提到考试,作弊事件就少不了,而且古人的作弊手段还日臻巧妙。即使朝廷打击严厉,但屡禁不止。这就必然出现了一些轰动全国的科场舞弊大案。其中,打击最严厉的三大科场案有顺治丁酉科场案、康熙辛卯科场案和咸丰戌午科场案。不仅如此,当时就已枪手代考的事情的发生,至于哪些挟带作弊,抄袭作弊工具简直就是凤毛麟角了。
但科举制较于前几朝的选官制还是先进科学的,它的公平、公正、公开打破了豪门望族垄断官场的局面,使不少寒门仕子踏上了仕途,有了展示自己的机会。仅在宋代就出现了很多显名之士范仲淹、包拯、欧阳修、王安石、苏轼、文天祥等出将入相的风云人物,都为当时的政治、经济、军事、文化方面做出了治国安邦的杰出贡献。
但是“三百六十行,行行出状元”不是只有科举考试能让仕子们名垂千古,有很多科举不第的人同样留下了他们的不朽之作。

The fourth exhibition room introduced the three major fraud cases on the scientific field in the Qing Dynasty and some famous people who emerged through the imperial examination.
Because the fair, just, and open selection of the imperial examination system has made this once attracted young men, but when it comes to examinations, cheating is inevitable, and the ancients’ cheating methods are still clever. Even if the court attacked severely, it was repeatedly prohibited. This will inevitably lead to some sensational cases of fraud in the country. Among them, the three most severely cracked subjects in the field were the Shunzhi Dingshuke case, the Kangxi Xinxie field case and the Xianfeng Yuwuchang case. Not only that, but at the time, the gunman took the exam, and as for the cheating, the plagiarism tool was simply rare.
However, the system of imperial examinations is more advanced than the previous ones. Its fairness, fairness, and openness have broken the situation of the monopoly of the giants, which has made many Hanmen officials embark on a career path and have the opportunity to show themselves. In the Song Dynasty alone, many famous people such as Fan Zhongyan, Bao Zheng, Ouyang Xiu, Wang Anshi, Su Shi, Wen Tianxiang, etc., who had entered the phase, all made political and economic, military and cultural aspects. Outstanding contribution.
However, "three hundred and sixty lines, the best in the line" is not only that the imperial examinations can make the names of the people, but many people who have not taken the imperial examinations have also left their immortal works.









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